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Andy Warhol - anglicky

Kategorie: Umělecké obory

Typ práce: Životopisy

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Tento anglický text se věnuje životu Andyho Warhola, způsobům, kterými svět uchopoval, a díval se na něj a vlivům, které se odrážely v jeho tvorbě. Závěr ukazuje ambivalentní postoj společnosti k životu, i tvorbě tohoto malíře. U nás najdete také českou verzi tohoto životopisu: Andy Warhol


Co zobrazoval
Události, které ovlivnily tvorbu
Undergroundová filmová scéna
Jak se lidé o jeho životě vyjadřují


“ The first major influence on Andy Warhol's life was the stepping stone of his artistic career, his enrollment in and completion of Carnegie Institute of Technology with a bachelor degree in pictorial design. After graduating he moved out to New York City, where his life blossomed. He lived for a couple of years with Philip Pearlstein, who he had met at school. Warhol, with his education centered around design, set out to begin his career on the right foot. He started doing drawings for advertisements in a women's shoe catalog. It may not have been much to brag about, but it was at least something he could learn and gain from the experience given to him. Andy may have acquired his use of media exploited images through his beginning attempts at commercialism. He knew what sold to society, whether he agreed with it or not. He continued on with simplified pop art and he made it famous. He is the person most people think about when pop art is mentioned. Through his advertising projects, he was conditioned to think only in glorification of people, products, and style. One of his popular works, the silkscreen of the Campbell's Soup Can, is an example of this. It is an image that everyone is familiar with, and it is so common that sometimes it is overlooked. Many times, Andy took something simple and glorified it. This is how he made his designing skills useful in promotion. "One would compare Warhol to the pictorial hyper-realism of Norman Rockwell, and to the surrealism of Marcel Duchamp, and the radicalism of Jasper Johns"
(Sagan 1).

A second major influence in Andy Warhol's life is his participation in the underground film scene. It started in 1963, when he called himself "the recorder of society around him" (Moritz 590). He would find people for his movies in a club-type warehouse called Max's Kansas City. Every night, celebrities of art, fashion, music, and underground film-making crowds gathered in the back corners of Max's to try their chance at working with Warhol. In 1968, he was nearly killed by a woman who was in one of his short films. She shot him on the side of his chest, but fortunately he was not killed. He still continued to make films; such famous ones are "Eat," "Haircut," "Sleep," "Kiss," and "Empire." He would make them boring on purpose to possibly prove a point. Again it was glorifying something thought of as being extremely pointless. In the late 70's he began to use sex and nudity, featuring films concerning sexual bondage. He may have been simply looking for a shock value content. Many artists work off shock value, it takes only the true to admit it and still continue with it."


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