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Kanada - anglicky

Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Maturitní otázka charakterizuje Kanadu z geografického, historického, politického i ekonomického hlediska.


Politický systém


 area: 9,976,139
 population: 27,297,000
 capital city: Ottawa
 other cities: Montreal, Quebec, Calgary, Toronto, Edmonton, Vancouver, Halifax
 Canada is the 2nd largest country in the world after Russia and occupies the northern part of North America, borders with the USA, Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean and Arctic Ocean
 lakes: Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, Lake Winnipeg
 rivers: the St. Lawrence River, the Winnipeg, the Saskatchewan, the Columbia, the Frazer, the Yukon, the Mackenzie
 Canada is divided into 7 regions:
1. The Pacific Coast - British Columbia, Vancouver Island)
2. The Cordillera - the Rocky Mountains, the Coast Mountains, St. Elias Mountains (Mount Logan - 6,050)
3. The Prairies - grain-producing region
4. The Canadian Shield - Hudson Bay, region of minerals
5. The Great Lakes - St. Lawrence lowlands
6. The Atlantic Provinces - Appalachian Region
7. The Arctic

 the first people are though to have arrived to America from Siberia about 30,000 years ago
 the Vikings (Icelandic Norsemen) settled about 985 on the island of Newfoundland
 1497 - John Cabot claimed the land for the English Crown; in 1534 James Cartier planted the flag of France on a Gaspe promontory
 1763 - the Treaty of Paris - an agreement between England and France - dividing the territories; 1774 - Quebec Act -British granted French civil laws in Canada
 1791 - dividing: Upper Canada and Lower Canada, but they were united again until British rule in 1830's because of rebellions
 1st July, 1867 - Dominion of Canada ' 1st July is celebrated as "Canada Day"
 1931 - the Statue of Westminster - confirmation of autonomy

Political system
 constitutional monarchy, a federal state and parliamentary democracy with two official languages and two systems of law: civil law and common law
 Canada has 10 provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan) and 3 territories (Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory and Nunavut)
 in 1982 the Charter if Rights and Freedoms was entrenched in the Canadian Constitution
 the Canadian Parliament is composed of the Queen (who is represented by the Governor General), the Senate and the House of Commons
 the Senate (Upper House) has 104 members who are appointed and are divided essentially among Canada's 4 main regions of Ontario, Quebec, the West and the Atlantic Provinces
 the House of Commons is with its 295 members (five-year terms) the major lawmaking body
 the real executive authority is the Cabinet with Prime Minister - they are advisers of the monarch
 the party with the 2nd largest number of seats is called Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition

 Canada belongs to G-7 countries (Canada, France, Italy, Germany, Japan, the UK, the USA), sometimes it's extended to G-8 (plus Russia)
 rich sources of raw materials: uranium, zinc, sulphur, nickel, aluminium, gas
 agriculture: wheat
 highly developed trading country"





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