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6. Great American writers

Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: Gymnázium Jiřího z Poděbrad, Poděbrady, Studentská 166, Poděbrady

Charakteristika: Tato maturitní otázka se zabývá nejdůležitějšími a nejoblíbenějšími americkými autory. Protože je americká literatura tak mladá, obsahuje otázka i část o oblíbených autorech dnešní americké literatury, pro kterou jsem vybral mezi mládeží oblíbený žánr fantasy.


18th and 19th century
20th century and present
My favourite authors (fantasy)


"We could date modern America’s origins back to the 1500s when Spanish and Portuguese explorers began landing in places that are now Florida or Texas. Later, English explorers started sending colonists further north to places like North Carolina and Virginia. In 1607, one of the first colonies, Jamestown, was founded. Its population was booming: In 1630, only about 3,000 people lived there, but in the next ten years, 16,000 more colonists arrived. The colonists weren’t the first people to live on this land. The Native Americans farmed and hunted all over the US long before them. While they didn’t have much written work, their stories and beliefs were handed down generation by generation. So, it’s clear that American literature is relatively young. The first books written in America were diaries of the newcomers, books of theological argument and political pamphlets. They were aimed at readers in England. The colonist wanted to let them know about their life and attract new settlers.
18th and 19th century Washington Irving (1783 – 1859) assimilated a number of European folk tales to the new American nation. He wrote humorous short stories and folk tales about Dutch settlers like Rip van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. In view of this book, the modern serial Sleepy Hollow has recording since 2013. Edgar Allan Poe (1809 – 1849) could be considered the father of horror and crime fiction thanks to stories like The Fall of the House of Usher, The Black Cat or the Murders in the Rue Morgue (first known detective story). He was also a poet and he is well-known for his poem The Raven, in which the raven becomes a symbol of dark doubts and frustrating longing. Unfortunately, his life was marked by a lack of money, frequent changes of jobs and drinking."





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