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Americká válka za nezávislost - anglicky

Kategorie: Historie, Humanitní cizojazyčné práce

Typ práce: Seminárky/referáty

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Práce informuje o průběhu války za nezávislost Spojených států amerických. Události rozděluje na ty, které se staly před oficiálním zahájením války, a ty, které se staly po něm. Dále se zabývá důsledky a významem války a v závěru textu se nacházejí slavné citáty související s tímto obdobím.


Před oficiálním začátkem
Po oficiálním zahájení
Po válce
Význam války
Slavné věty


"Before the official start of war
In 1767 Britain started to have problems with its thirteen colonies on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean. George III. had also problems with Anglo-French war and Seven years war; is cost to much money. For all that he made the Stamp act (everything had to be written on special paper which was under the taxes) and the Townshend act (this put taxes on sugar, coffee, cotton, glass, paper etc.).‘Till this time the British authority was not upheld thanks to cruel power, but thanks to loyalty, love and tradition. After this acts wave of troubles came and people did not care about their previous fetters to Britain and also Britons.

In 1768 a ship called Liberty came to America. It belonged to the John Hancock. Hancock did not pay taxes on his cargo of wine, so offices attached everything. People were annoyed, very annoyed...

In 1770 the Boston Massacre came. It started like a struggle between Edward Gerrish (Boston wigmaker) and John Goldfish (British solider) and unfortunately ended with many dead people. This was a presage of The Revolutionary War. Day after this action Samuel Adams was given a difficult task- he had to force Governor Hutchinson to send back the British soldiers. He was successful- soldiers left America at the end of the year 1770.

1773 was the year of Boston Tea party. A group of Boston men wore in Indian’s costumes threw a cargo of tea into the water. Its value was 10 000 pounds. Boston was punished and given under the British control. After this (in 1774) the First Continental Congress was established. Radical colonist carried idea of the Independence.

After the official start ...
The war officially started at 1775 in Lexington when the British militia was raided by a group of American radicals. In this year The Second Continental Congress was in Philadelphia. George Washington was named the captain of militias. He did not like the way of militia fighting so he established The Continental Army.

The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4th, 1776 by George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Smith, Benjamin Harrison, Samuel Adams, John Hancock and other men who represented all of the colonies. The text was created mainly by Thomas Jefferson. It explained that “all men all are created equal” and have a same natural right to “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness”. One part of The Declaration was a charge against the George III.. Mary Katherine Goddard, publisher of the Maryland Journal made a first printed copy and distributed the documents across the colonies. In 1777 were approved The Articles of Confederation which were the first American constitution."



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