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Austrálie - maturitní otázka anglicky

Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Tématem této krátké maturitní otázky z anglického jazyka je Austrálie. Obsahuje informace o její poloze, geografii i klimatu, seznamuje se složením obyvatelstva a státním zřízení. Dále uvádí hlavní oblasti průmyslu, zemědělství a také se zmiňuje o několika málo památkách a významných městech.


Povrch, klima
Města a památky



Australia is the smallest, the youngest continent, with the lowest population density. It is the largest island in the world. It is situated in the southern hemisphere, it means that the Australians have summer when we have winter. Australia is washed by the Indian Ocean in west and the south Pacific in east.
Its area is 7.7 million sq.k. The Great Diving Range along the eastern coast (The Australian Alps) has the highest Australian mountain, Mt. Kosciusko. There are two deserts: the Great Sandy and Great Victoria Deserts. The longest river, the Murray Rivers, flows from New South Wales to the Indian Ocean, the second longest river is the Darling. There are three big lakes here: Lake Eyre, Lake Torrens and Lake Gairdner. The Australian climate varies from warm to subtropical. The south-east is covered with forests of eucalyptus and other evergreen trees. The animals of Australia are numerous and some of them, like the kangaroo which is also the emblem of Australia, koala bear, dingo or Tasmanian devil can´t be found elsewhere. There are also many lizards.
The population of Australia is some 17 million. Around 85% people live in urban areas mainly along the south-east coast. Deserts and the tropical northern part are mostly uninhabited. 95% of inhabitants are of British origin and 3% are made by other European ethnic groups. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II. represented by the Governor-General.
Main industries are iron, steel, textiles, electrical equipment, chemicals, cars, aircraft, ship and machinery. Australia belongs to the top exporters of beef, lamb, wool and wheat. Currency used in Australia is the Australian Dollar.
In Australia there are many big cities. The capital of Australia is Canberra, but the oldest and biggest one is Sydney. There are two interesting and very well known places in Sydney. The Sydney Opera House, it is a swan-shaped, and The Harbour Bridge. The third largest city is Brisbane. Melbourne is one of the most beautiful cities - there are a lot of museums, galleries and parks."



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