Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Maturitní otázka Canada v angličtině. Obsahuje základní geografické a přírodopisné informace o dané zemi, něco málo z historie, z politiky a další.




"Canada is located in North America. Canada is situated between the Atlantic, the Pacific and the Arctic Oceans. It borders on the USA in the south. It is the second largest country in the world after Russia. The capital is Ottawa. The area is about 10 million square kilometers. The population of Canada is more than 30 million people. Half of the population is British, 30% French and the rest are Indians and Eskimo. It is a multicultural country with two official languages, English and French. The national currency is Canadian Dollar.
Canada is divided into 10 provinces: Quebec, Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitou, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia and the two territories – the Yukon and the Northwest Territories.
The main industries are chemical industry and machine and ship building. It produces almost every mineral. Canada is the world’s biggest producer of nickel.
Canada has one of the world´s biggest islands – Baffin Island, which is twice the size of z UK.

The first European here were the Vikings who discovered. Since the 16th century large territories were occupied by the French. But France lost this country in frequent wars with England during the 17 and 18 centuries. Canada became a British dominion in 1867.

The mountains
There are a number of mountain ranges, for exampleTorngats, Appalachians and Laurentians in the east. There are the Rocky Mountains, the Coastal and Mackenzie Mountains and the Melville Hills in the west. The highest mountain is Mt Logan (6 050m).

Lakes and rivers
Canada is famous for beautiful scenery particularly near the Great Lakes in the south-east. The Great Lakes Region is the largest area of fresh water in the world. There are famous Niagara Falls between Lake Erie and Ontario. There are about 2 million lakes in Canada. We can also find other big lakes in Canada Great Bear Lake of Great Slave Lake. The longest rivers are St. Lawrence. The other rivers are the Yukon, the Fraser, the Columbia, the Nelson.

Canada mostly has a continental climate with cold snowy winters and warm summers.
Canada has 38 national parks. The oldest park is Banff. Typical Canadian animals are the bison, the prairie dogs, the rattle-snakes, the moose, or the bears.

Political system
Canada is a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II.
Canada has federal system of government. It has a federal parliament located in the capital Ottawa. The parliament has two houses the Senate and House of Commons. The leader of the government is called the prime minister.
The national emblem is the maple leaf. The country has national flag with a red maple leaf. The other symbol is the beaver. It is the Canadian national animal."





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