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Londýn - anglicky

Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Práce poskytuje souhrn informací o Londýně. Nejprve jej stručně představuje, uvádí jeho polohu či počet obyvatel. Dále se zabývá jeho dopravou, parky, seznamuje se známými obchody i budovami, které vznikly na oslavu nového tisíciletí. Stručně se věnuje několika významným historickým událostem a v závěrečné části se zaměřuje na londýnské památky – The Tower of London, White Tower, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar square, National Gallery, Big Ben, Westminster Abbey a další.


Základní informace
The London Eye
Krátká historie


"London was founded by the Romans shortly after their invasion in AD 43 as Londonium (the name comes from Celtic Llyndum – a walled place situated high). It kept its importance also during the reign of Anglo-Saxons and Danish kings. During the reign of Norman kings the royal court moved from Winchester to London for ever. In 15 and 16 century the city was the centre of trade and finance and also of the English cultural Renaissance (for example Shakespeare’s theater The Globe). In 1665 London was devastated by the Great Plague one year later by the Great fire of London. During the Georgian age London’s wealth came from trade with the East and West Indies. In middle of the 19 century the underground railway began and the old London Bridge was replaced by the Tower Bridge. London was devastated during the Second World War by German bombings.
The Tower of London contains 20 towers. The Tower is guarded by the Yeomen Warders and the entrance gate is called Traitor’s gate. First tower which was built by William the Conqueror in 1066, is White Tower. Another tower Bloody Tower has been hosted many famous executions and imprisonments (famous prisoners are Ann Boleyn, Guy Fawkes). Today the Tower of London is open to the public as a museum (you can see there arsenal of weapons, the Crown Jewels). Next to the Tower stands Tower bridge, which is raised in the middle and ships can pass up the river. St. Paul‘s Cathedral was twice rebuilt. Present appearance was built by Sir Christopher Wren in the Baroque style. At the dome‘s base is the Whispering Gallery. Buckingham palace is home of the British Royal family. In front of it there is the Queen Victoria monument. There are 600 rooms and Her Majesty receives guests invited to the palace. Queen Victoria was the first monarch to live there. Trafalgar square was built in the Victorian times and it was named in honor of the British victory at the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. There is National Gallery, where are works by Raphael or Rembrandt. Dominating the square is Nelson‘s Column, which is guarded by four huge bronze lions. Admiral Lord Nelson was man, who led British soldiers in battle. The Monument was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and it commemorates the great fire in 1666. The Houses of Parliament are the home of the British parliament. It consist House of Commons (there are parallel rows of green benches) and House of Lords (lavishly decorated in red, Woolsacks the seat of Lord Chancellor). The clock tower above the Parliament called Big Ben is one of the most famous London’s landmarks in the world. The most important church in the country - Westminster Abbey is one of the oldest buildings in London. The founder of cathedral is Edward the Confessor. You can see there the Coronation chair (also Stone of Scone – symbol of Scottish Royalty). Every monarch has been crowned there since William the Conqueror in 1066. There is also Poet’s Corner, where are the tombstones and monuments to some famous poets (John Milton, Lord Byron, William Shakespeare). And eventually the Legend of the Ravens says that ravens have lived at the Tower of London for hundreds of years and if the ravens ever leave their home, the White Tower will crumble and a great disaster shall befall England."


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