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Londýn - maturitní otázka anglicky

Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Text se zabývá hlavním městem Velké Británie Londýnem. Obsahuje základní údaje, důležité historické údaje a popisy jednotlivých památek a zajímavostí.


Základní geografické údaje
Historické katastrofy, které Londýn postihly
The City
Katedrála sv. Pavla
Tower Bridge
West End
Westminster, Parlament


“London is the capital city of UK and the centre of commerce, administration, cultural, political and social activities and banking. It is headquarters of all national newspapers and television networks. At the same time it is the largest city in the country, the residence of the monarch, the Parliament, the goverment representatives, representatives of the Church of England and the seat of the Supreme Court.
London is situated on both banks at the mouth of the River Thames. London is home to about 9 milion inhabitans. London is one of the largest cities of the world. It occupies an area of 1600 sq kms. It is divided into Old London and 32 districts.
London was founded by the Celts and Romans named it Londonium. Since the time of Edward the Confessor, 1042, London has been the capital of Britain. The original walled city of London was quite small, another city outside London’s walls was city of Westminster. The city continued to grow and flourish beyond its walls to absorb the originally separate Westminster.
Several disasters have afflicted London. In 1665 the Black Plague killed 70 000 people. In 1666 the Great Fire broke out destroying most of the city. Many buildings were also destroyed in the World War 2.
There are many places of interest. The most important parts of Central London are the City, the West End and East End. The city of London is the historical centre. It¨s only one square mile in area. In the heart of the City there is the Bank of England which houses the national gold reserve and issues paper currency. There is the Royal Exchange, in front of which is statue of Wellington and the General post Office, the Mansion House, which is the official residence of the Lord Mayor and St. Paul’s Cathedral. This magnificent sight is one of the largest cathedrals in the world. This great renaissance dome is the work of the famous architect Sir Christopher Wren was built in the 17. century. The Cathedral is known for its Whispering Gallery. During the World War 2. it was badly damaged by bombs. In 1981 Prince of Wales and Lady Diana were married there."



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