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Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: Gymnázium Sokolov, Sokolov

Charakteristika: Maturitní otázka z angličtiny, která se věnuje politickým systémům Velké Británie, Ameriky a České republiky. V druhé části je pak rozebrána Evropská unie.


Politický systém české republiky
Politický systém Velké Británie
Politický systém v USA
Evropská unie


"The Czech Republic is a parliamentary democracy. The head of state is the President, now Miloš Zeman. He is elected for a five-year term and he may be elected only twice. He declares war, has the power of veto, grants a pardon and declares an amnesty. He appoints the Prime Minister. On the advice of the PM the president also appoints the members of the Cabinet. The PM, who is typically the leader of the party with the majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies, acts as head of government.
The power in state is separated in three branches – Legislative power (government), executive power (the parliament) and judicial power. The Czech parliament consists of two chambers: the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.
(The highest court of appeal in the Czech Republic is the Supreme Court. Supreme Court judges are appointed by the President for unlimited terms.)
The CZE is a member of the United Nations Organization (UNO – OSN), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is formally the Monarch. It means the Queen or the King. They have the right to be consulted, the right to encourage and the right to warn and they reign, but they don´t rule. The Monarch is commander-in-chief, head of the Church of England, head of the Commonwealth and pays state visits.
Since 1952 Queen Elisabeth II has reigned. The royal family lives in Buckingham Palace in London which has been the official royal residence since 1837 and the first who lived there was Queen Victoria. The Crown Prince is Charles, the son of Elisabeth II. But many people say he will never be the King. The British nation likes more his son prince William, who is the second Crown Prince. It could be because of his mother Diana who was called the Queen of Hearts and died 1997. He and his wife Kate have a baby prince George Alexander Louis. Before the baby was born people predicted sex and the name of this baby. Most people thought it would be a girl called Victoria, Diana or Elisabeth.

In Great Britain parliamentary democracy is practised. Parliament consist of two houses – the House of Lords (which is hereditary (born right) and for life (as long as they live)) and the House of Commons. There are 650 seats. Elections take place after five years. The Prime Minister selects the remaining ministers. Twenty of them form the Cabinet. The second most powerful party forms the Opposition.
Prime Minister and the Cabinet have executive power and the Parliament has legislative power."



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