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Praha - maturitní otázka anglicky

Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Tato práce obsahuje maturitní otázku z angličtiny, která se věnuje tématu Prahy. Nejprve Prahu stručně charakterizuje, uvádí geografická data, poté se věnuje popisu významných památek a míst, která stojí zato navštívit.


Pražské významné památky


"Prague has a large number memories. Prague became a Gothic metropolis during the government of the king and emperor Charles IV. During his reign Prague grew. Charles IV. established an Archibishopric, founded Charles University (1348) and the New Town, Charles Bridge and St. Vitus Cathedral. The most famous memories are Hradčany, with Prague Castle which was founded in the ninth century by the Prince Bořivoj and it became the seat of the Přemyslid dynasty. In the past it was the residence of the Czech kings and since 1918 it has become the residence of our countrie´s presidents. If you visit Prague Castle, you will not be disappointed by Spanish Hall, Rudolph Gallery, the late Vladislav Hall, where the election of the President takes place. From the Castle tourists can admire the city below with the roofs of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque houses and hundred of church spires for which Prague is famous. The most impressive building at the Castle is St. Vitus Cathedral. It was completed in 1929, a thousand years after the foundation of the first church on this site. The Gothic cathedral was founded by Charles IV. in connection with the establishment of the Prague Archibishopric. The present cahtedral is the result of the work of two famous architects, Mathias of Arras and Petr Parléř. The most admired parts of the church are the gothic St. Wenceslas Chapel decorated with semi-precious stones, the coronation chamber where the coronation jewels are kept, and the Royal Crypt. Another places worth seeing are Romanesque church the Basilica of St. George, Schwanzenberg Palace, Archibishop´s Palace, Golden Lane, which is made up of tiny coloured houses from the 16th century when craftsmen settled there. In the castle gardens we can admire the Royal Summer Palace Belvedere, the purest example of Italian Renaissance architecture north of Alps, and the Singing Fountain, which gained its fame due to the sound made by the falling drops of water. In the neighbourhood of the Castle on Petřín Hill there is the Strahov Monastery located. It was founded in the 12th century. It is now the Museum of Czech Literature. Nearby there is the Petřín Observation Tower. Along Nerudova Street we can go from the Castle to the Lesser Town. It is a poetic quarter with crooked streets, stylish taverns, old houses and palaces and romantic gardens. The jewel of Baroque architecture is St. Nicholas Church in the Lesser Town Square. From the square we can easily get to Charles bridge over the river Vltava. This is the oldest bridge in Prague. It is decorated with Baroque statues. It is the most famous and beautiful bridge. Its construction began in 1357. It is 10 m wide and 520 m long. A part of the bridge are three bridge towers: one at the Old Town side and two at the Lesser Town side. Along Charles Street we can get to the Old Town Square, the centre of the Old Town, where a large number of memories are situated. In the middle there is a monument to Master Jan Hus. There is the Týn Church. The Old Town Hall was built in the 14th century. In the 15th century a horolgical clock, much admired"



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