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Spojené království Velké Británie a Severního Irska - maturitní otázka anglicky 1/8

Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Práce se zabývá Spojeným královstvím Velké Británie a Severního Irska. Uvádí všeobecné informace o zemi, věnuje se jeho geografii a podnebí, zmiňuje britskou vlajku. Rozebírá politický systém a ekonomiku. Následující maturitní otázku naleznete zde Historie Velké Británie - maturitní otázka anglicky 2/8.


Všeobecné informace
Politický systém



The official name is The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy comprising four constituent countries — England (London), Northern Ireland (Belfast), Scotland (Edinburgh) and Wales (Cardiff) — with Elizabeth II as head of state. The languages spoken in the UK are official English, Gaelic, Irish Gaelic and Welsh. The area of UK is 245 000 square kilometres and 60 mil. inhabitants live there.
The UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea. Great Britain, its largest island is linked to France by the Channel Tunnel. All parts of the United Kingdom have a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round. The temperature varies with the seasons but seldom drops below −10 °C or rises above 32 °C. Atlantic currents, warmed by the Gulf Stream (North Atlantic drift), bring mild winters, especially in the west, where winters are also wet, especially over high ground. Summers are warmest in the south east of England. The longest rivers are the Severn and the Thames. There are beautiful lake areas in Cumbrian (Windermere) and the North West Highlands of Scotland (Loch Ness). It’s mostly rolling land. The main mountain regions are The Cambrian in Wales, The Pennies and The Cumbrian Mountains in England, The Cheviot Hills and The Highlands in Scotland. The highest mountain is Ben Nevis (1342 m). The Royal Greenwich Observatory, near London, is the defining point of the Prime Meridian.
The flag of the United Kingdom is the Union Flag commonly known as the "Union Jack". Created from the superimposition of the flags of England (St George's Cross) and Scotland (Saint Andrew's Cross), with the Saint Patrick's cross, representing Ireland, being added to this in 1801. The national anthem is "God Save the Queen!"
The Queen is the head of state. She reigns but she doesn’t rule. The contemporary queen is Elizabeth II. She was born on 21st April 1926 and she was coroneted 2nd June 1953. She represents the monarchy, she appoints the ministers, archbishops and bishops, she confers peerages (Lord, Earl), she summons and dissolves the Parliament and she is head of the Church. She has "Queen’s Opening Speech" at the beginning of October. She talks to the Parliament – it’s after the Parliament’s holiday. The Parliament starts to work. She has to be impartial in politics. Her official birthday celebration is during June. It’s very famous tradition."



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