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Spojené státy americké - anglicky

Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Maturitní otázka z angličtiny obsahuje informace o geografii, historii, ekonomice nebo politickém systému Spojených států amerických.


Politický systém
Washington, D. C.
Zajímavá místa


area: 9,372,614 sq km
population: 253,887,000
the USA are situated in southern part of North America being the 4th largest state in the world after Russia, Canada and China; they border on Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, Canada and the Pacific Ocean; USA have two lying off the continental part - Alaska and Hawaii
the country can be divided into five parts:
Appalachian Highlands (Mt. Mitchell - 2,037 m)
Appalachian Plateau - river valleys
Mississippi Basin (Interior Plains)
Cordilleras - Rocky Mountains, Great Basin (Death Valley), Colorado Plateau (Grand Canyon)
Cascade Range and Sierra Nevada (Mt. Whitney - 4,418 m)
the highest peak is in Alaska - Mt. McKinley (6,194 m)
rivers: Mississippi, Missouri, Hudson, Colorado, Columbia, Rio Grande, Yukon
Great Lakes: Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario
other lakes: Great Salt Lake
climate: varied - from the Arctic to the subtropical
capital town: Washington D. C.
other towns: New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, San Diego, Detroit, Dallas, Phoenix, San Antonio, San Jose, Indianapolis, Baltimore, San Francisco
states (first 13): Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
the American continent was first discovered around the year 1000 by Vikings sailing under Leif Ericson (before them went to America people from Siberia over the Bering straight
on October 12, 1492 discovered America Spanish mariner Christopher Columbus
the first colony was founded in Virginia at Jamestown in 1607
in 1620 the Mayflower brought 102 English men to Massachusetts, where they founded Plymouth colony; they were Puritans and called themselves Pilgrim Fathers; in October 1621 they celebrated their first harvest and called this day the day of Thanksgiving
during next centuries were built up many colonies, e.g. French, German, Dutch, Irish
first slaves were brought to Virginia in 1619 (it was forbidden in 1808)
1754 - Indian War - all land east of Mississippi was under British control
1773 - Boston Tea Party
1775 - the battle of Lexington - beginning of the war
July 4, 1776 - Declaration of Independence (mainly written by Thomas Jefferson, 2nd Continental Congress)
1783 - the end of the War of Independence
1787 - the new Constitution (confederation was changed by federation)
1803 - Louisiana Purchase
1867 - Alaska was bought from Russia
Civil War - 1861 - 1865
1863 - Emancipation Proclamation - granted freedom of slaves
1917 - USA entered the WWI and then W. Wilson participated on negotiation of peace treaty in Versailles
Black Thursday - October 24, 1929 - stock market crash ' Great Depression
December 7, 1941 - naval base of Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japanese ' USA entered the WWII
founding of UNO, NATO
1963 - J. F. Kennedy was assassinated, 1968 - Robert Kennedy too
1968 - assassination of Martin Luther King, the black civil rights leader
Vietnam War - 1961 - 1973
1973 - 1974 - the Watergate scandal (Richard Nixon)
Gulf War - January 15 - February 28, 1991
11th September 2001 - attack on World Trade Center"





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