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USA: geografie a zajímavá místa - anglicky


Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: Gymnázium, Vrchlabí, Komenského 586, Vrchlabí

Charakteristika: Maturitní otázka z angličtiny přináší základní informace o Spojených státech a charakterizuje jejich polohu, hranice, povrch i podnebí. Druhá část vypisuje několik zajímavých míst této země.

Obsah

1.
Geografie
1.1.
Základní informace
1.2.
Poloha, hranice
1.3.
Hory a pohoří
1.4.
Řeky
1.5.
Klima
1.6.
Národní symboly
2.
Zajímavá místa

Úryvek

"Basic facts
Area: about 9 milion square kilometres
Population: about 300 milion inhabitants
Capital city: Washington, D.C. (District of Columbia)
Currency: US dollar
Language: English
- the fourth largest country in the world

The United States of America is a country in the Western Hemisphere. It’s situated in North America, where is 48 continental states. Part of the USA is Alaska, a peninsula in the northwest of the continent and the Hawaiian Islands, an archipelago in the Pacific ocean. The country share (land or water-Russia) borders with Canada in the north, Russia in the northwest, Mexico in the south, the Pacific ocean in the west and the Atlantic ocean in the east.

Mountains
There are mountains, lowlands and plains. The Appalachian mountains are in the east, to the west from them we can find the Mississippi Basin (comprises the Mississippi Lowlands, Central Plains and Great Plains).
The most mountiniers part is in the west. About half of the continental USA is occupied by the Cordilleras. They are divided into several ranges: The Rocky Mountains, to the west of them is the Great Basin (there is Death Valley-the lowest point and the dryest place in the USA) and also the Colorado Plateau with the Grand Canyon (was created with the Colorado river).
The Sierra Nevada with the highest peak of the continental USA Mt. Whitney, but the highest peak of the USA is Mt. McKinley in Alaska.

Rivers
The USA has many rivers. The biggest river system is the Mississippi and the Missouri. The main tribbutaries of the Mississippi river are the Missouri and the Ohio. The big reservoire of fresh water in the east are the Hudson river and the Great Lakes. The Great Lakes are on the border with Canada, Niagara Falls are between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Other big rivers are the Colorado, the Columbia and the Rio Grande. The biggest river in Alaska is the Yukon.

Climate
The climet is varied – from arctic climate in the north to the subtropical climate in the south and tropical in the Hawaiian Islands.

The American flag (also called Stars and stripes) has 13 stripes represent 13 founding states and on the blue canton are 50 stars represent 50 member states.
The Emblem of the USA is the bald eagle."

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