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William Shakespeare

Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: Gymnázium, Frýdlant nad Ostravicí, nám. T. G. Masaryka 1260, příspěvková organizace, Frýdlant nad Ostravicí

Charakteristika: Tato maturitní otázka zpracovává téma William Shakespeare. Zaměřuje se na dobu, ve které žil; na jeho život a tvorbu. Rozbor je vhodný ke státní i ke školní maturitě


Jeho éra
Jeho život
Jeho díla


"William Shakespeare lived in the 16th century in the time of renaissance. The Renaissance is a return to Ancient times. It´s joined with humanism so people began to believe in their own reason and senses. It doesn’t mean that people in the time of Renaissance were atheist. They believed in God, but they were against the dogmatism of the Catholic Church. The Renaissance was great time for drama which was written mostly. This era is sometimes called The Golden Age of Poetry because England produced a lot of brilliant poets and playwrights, such as Christopher Marlowe, Edmund Spenser and John Donne, who are overshadowed by Shakespeare.
It is also important to remind that in Shakespeare’s time here were no actresses and also women’s roles were played by men and one actor played more roles than one.

William Shakespeare William Shakespeare is one of the greatest dramatists all over the world and the most famous English writer. He was born on 23rd of April 1564 in Stratford- upon- Avon and he died in 1616 on his birthday. He was the oldest son of glove maker John Shakespeare and his wife Mary Arden. His father was quite rich, but he got into debt, so William had to leave school.
When he was 18 he married Ann Hathaway who was eight years older. They had two daughters Susan and Judith and a son Hamlet. Judith and Hamlet were twins, but Hamlet died in the age of eleven.
In 1592 he left his family and went to London because of career. He joined a group of actors where he worked as an actor, then as a reviser and writer of plays. Eight years later he bought his own theatre which he named The Globe. One day, during a performance of Henry VIII was the Globe destroyed by fire.
Shakespeare became very popular. The Queen Elizabeth I. loved his plays.
After his son’s death he went back to Stratford and lived a quiet life with his family.
He died on his birthday in the age of 52. The legend says that he died after birthday celebration with his friends.

William Shakespeare was great poet. He wrote beautiful sonnets but he is famous for his plays. He wrote 37 plays. We can divide them into comedies, tragedies and historical plays.

Comedies: The Comedy of Errors, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, A Midsummer-Night’s Dream,
Much Ado about Nothing, As You Like It
Historical plays: Henry 5, Richard 3, Richard 2, Henry 5 and Jules Caesar.
Tragedies: Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Hamlet, King Lear, Othello.

Romeo and Juliet:
I think that this is the best known tragedy all over the world. It is about the unhappy love and death. The main characters are Romeo Montague and Julie Capulet who are children of two powerful houses of Verona. These two houses hate each other. Romeo meets Juliet at the ball and falls in love with her although he knows she is Capulet. They love each other very much and ask pastor to marry them. Their love and marriage are secret. However, by unfortunate coincidence Romeo kills Tybalt, who is Juliet’s cousin. Prince of Verona sends Romeo to the exile and young Juliet stayed in Verona. She was forced to marry a young nobleman called Paris. She asks Friar Laurence for help again and he gives her magic drops after which she falls asleep for several hours and looks as if she was dead. Romeo learns about Juliet’s death and he doesn’t know about the trick, so he kills himself with poison. He hurried to the churchyard and when he sees Juliet, he commits a suicide. Soon after Juliet wakes up and when she sees Romeo dead, she kills herself with his sword. Both Montague and Capulet Houses reconcile only after the death of their beloved children."





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