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Zábava a kultura - anglicky

Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Maturitní otázka z angličtiny probírá nejrůznější oblasti kultury a doplňuje také vlastní názory a zájmy autora.


Vztah ke kultuře
Výtvarné umění


"1. Your attitude to culture: does your town offer you cultural opportunities?
I like to go to the cinema. Personally speaking, films are the most vital form of art. But the prices of the tickets are expensive and that is why I can not go there very often. The types of movies I like are comedies because they always make me laughting. I dislike stupid action movies, because I do not like a violence. The actors I like best are Bruce Willis, Brad Pitt and Paul Walker, because they can act well and they are attractive for me. For me, the most important fact when choosing whether to see a film is an all-star cast and a topic.
I go to the theatre very rarely. The reason is that I think that theatregoing is a pastime for elderly people and I prefer films. We used to go to the theatre about five times a year at the secondary school. Of the stage plays that I have seen, the one called Romeo and Juliet was the most memorable because I had read and seen the film so I comprehended it.
In our town everybody can find what he or she really enjoy. There are two roofed and one open air cinemas, one theatre and a gallery of arts. Many of us also like to visit art exhibitions. In our town are exhibition spaces, where the individual exhibitions take place. The most frequent are picture exhibitions, exhibitions of photographs, statues, etc.

2. Cinemagoing: how can films can be divided? How can we call people who participace in making films?
There are several words in English which denote our „kino“. Cinema is the most common one used in Britain. By „cinema“ we may mean two things. Firstly, it is the building in which films are shown. Secondly, cinema denotes „films as an art form or entertainment“. Besides the word cinema, also pictures, movies and flicks are used. Pictures is British English and more colloquial than cinema. Movies is American English. Movie in the singular is used in the sense of „film“. Flicks is a slang word for cinema.
Films may be silent or sound, colour or black-and-white, dubbed or is given subtitles, it may be shot on location or in the studio. We distinguish between several types of films. There are feature films (full-lenght films, lasting about one and a half hours), documentaries, cartoons (or animated) and newsreels. As for the types of films, you may prefer comedies, historical f., serious f., psychological f., westerns, horrors, war f., action f. etc. A film which is very successful and draws in large audiences becomes a box-office hit.
An actor or an actress who plays the leading part in a film is called a star. If there are two main characters in a film played by stars, the verb co-star is used. The other people who participate in making a film include: the scriptwriter (the author of the screenplay), director, producer, cameraman (director of photography – head of the camre crew), costume designer, make-up artist etc.

3. Theatregoing: describe a theatrebuilding and its seating arrangement; people who participate in preparing a performance; box – offices; the most famous theatres in London
Theatrical performances are mostly performed in theatre building. The two main parts of theatre building are a stage and an auditorium. Some stages can be revolving. At the sides of the stage there are wings and at the stage horizon there are flies and flats. The stage is separated from the auditorium by a curtain. A special place for the orchestra is called the orchestra pit. Seats in the auditorium are on a slope. Seats on the ground floor are orchestra stalls and stalls. Seats behind are known as the pit. Rows of seats higher up are called the dress circle and the upper circle of the balcony. Highest of all is the gallery the back rows of which are called the gods. At both sides of the auditorium there are boxes. In some theatres behind the pit there is also a standing room.
People who set the scenery or change it are scene shifters. Lighting technicians see to the stage lighting (footlights, spotlights, floodlights) and sound technicians see to the sound effects.
We can buy theatre tickets at the box office, at the theatre ticket agency, at the advance booking office or we have subscription. We can leave ou coats in the cloakroom. The usher or usherette checks our tickets, shows us to our seats and sells us the programme. All the cast must go through endless hours of rehearsals, then comes the day of the dress rehearsal, and then the first night performance.
Repertory: drama, ballets, pantomimas, shows, musicals, puppet shows, opera, tragedy…
The most famous theatres in London:
the Old Vic – the traditional home of Shakespeare performances
The Royal Court – specializes in modern experimental plays
The Aldwych – where the Royal Shakespeare Company is performing as well as in the Memorial Theatre
Regent´s Park – popular open-air theatre
The Mermaid"





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