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Zdraví a nemoci - maturitní otázka anglicky

Kategorie: Angličtina

Typ práce: Maturitní otázky

Škola: nezadáno/škola není v seznamu

Charakteristika: Tato otázka zpracovává téma zdraví a nemocí. Věnuje se prevenci. Popisuje obvyklou návštěvu lékaře. Jmenuje běžné, i vážné nemoci. Zmiňuje průběh očkování. Uvádí principy fungování zdravotního systému.


At the doctor
How to be fit
Health insurance system


"DISEASES. The human body is permanently being attacked by many different kinds of bacteria, microorganisms, and viruses. Most diseases can be prevented or at least controlled, but there are also some incurable diseases such as cancer or AIDS. On the other hand, the common illnesses are: a cough, a cold, influenza, a sore throat, tonsillitis. In such cases we usually stay in bed, drink herbal tea, take pills, drops or vitamins, eat a lot of fruit and vegetable and after a week or two we feel well again. There are also illnesses that children often get: measles, German measles, mumps, scarlet fever and whooping cough. Older people suffer from indigestion, rheumatism, heart troubles and high blood pressure.

DOCTORS. There are various types of doctors who treat various diseases and disorders: surgeons, dentists, interns, oculist, pediatricians, gyneacologist, psychiatrists, dermatologist, ear and throat specialists, orthopaedic specialists.

VACCINATIONS. Very important for our health are vaccinations. Children are vaccinated against some illnesses, such as typhus, tetanus, chicken-pox, whooping cough, tuberculosis, polio, etc. However, prevention is the best medicine.

HOW TO BE FIT. How can we get fit? We should exercise, but not until we become exhausted, better is to exercise shortly four or five times a week. It is also important to eat a lot of fruit and vegetable and drink at least 2 litres of water a day. We should sleep enough and spend a lot of time outdoors, it’s much more better than sitting for a long time at the computer or watching TV.

HEALTH INSURANCE SYSTEM. Medical care in our country is basically free of charge but there are some private facillities. Patients share only the costs of some treatment and medicine. According to law, all citizens are covered by health insurance. Most people belong to the General Health Insurance Company. The state pays it for children and retired people, but private persons must pay for their insurance themselves.

Our health is possibly the most important thing in our life, so we must take good care of it."



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